Metabolomic compounds identified in Piriformospora indica-colonized Chinese cabbage roots delineate symbiotic functions of the interaction

Abstract:

Root colonization by endophytic fungus Piriformospora indica facilitating growth/development and stress tolerance has been demonstrated in various host plants. However, global metabolomic studies are rare. By using high-throughput gas-chromatography-based mass spectrometry, 549 metabolites of 1,126 total compounds observed were identified in colonized and uncolonized Chinese cabbage roots, and hyphae of P. indica. The analyses demonstrate that the host metabolomic compounds and metabolite pathways are globally reprogrammed after symbiosis with P. indica. Especially, γ-amino butyrate (GABA), oxylipin-family compounds, poly-saturated fatty acids, and auxin and its intermediates were highly induced and de novo synthesized in colonized roots. Conversely, nicotinic acid (niacin) and dimethylallylpyrophosphate were strongly decreased. In vivo assays with exogenously applied compounds confirmed that GABA primes plant immunity toward pathogen attack and enhances high salinity and temperature tolerance. Moreover, generation of reactive oxygen/nitrogen species stimulated by nicotinic acid is repressed by P. indica, and causes the feasibility of symbiotic interaction. This global metabolomic analysis and the identification of symbiosis-specific metabolites may help to understand how P. indica confers benefits to the host plant.

SEEK ID: https://data.chembiosys.de/publications/71

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-08715-2

Projects: A3

Journal: Springer Nature

Citation:

Date Published: 24th Aug 2017

Authors: Mo Da-Sang Hua, Rajendran Senthil Kumar, Lie-Fen Shyur, Yuan-Bin Cheng, Zhihong Tian, Ralf Oelmüller, Kai-Wun Yeh

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Hua, M. D.-S., Senthil Kumar, R., Shyur, L.-F., Cheng, Y.-B., Tian, Z., Oelmüller, R., & Yeh, K.-W. (2017). Metabolomic compounds identified in Piriformospora indica-colonized Chinese cabbage roots delineate symbiotic functions of the interaction. Scientific Reports, 7(1). http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-08715-2
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Created: 23rd Nov 2017 at 08:44

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